The International Energy Agency released a report Friday detailing ten actions governments and consumers could take collectively to lower oil demand, warning that sky-high gasoline prices could soar even further as peak driving season approaches.
The IEA is an autonomous organization made up of more than 30 member countries that operates under the umbrella of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Most of the world’s advanced economies are members of the IEA, including the U.S., Japan, Germany and France. China and India are affiliated “association countries” but do not have voting privileges.
In its report, the IEA says that “emergency measures” should be taken right now to cut the use of fossil fuels, and argues that if the world’s advanced economies would “fully” implement its recommendations, the demand for oil could be lowered by 2.7 billion barrels within four months. The organization says that amount is enough to fuel every car in China.
“As a result of Russia’s appalling aggression against Ukraine, the world may well be facing its biggest oil supply shock in decades, with huge implications for our economies and societies,” IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol said in a statement announcing the proposal’s rollout.
“IEA Member Countries have already stepped in to support the global economy with an initial release of millions of barrels of emergency oil stocks, but we can also take action on demand to avoid the risk of a crippling oil crunch,” Dr Birol continued. “Our ‘10-Point Plan’ shows this can be done through measures that have already been tested and proven in multiple countries.”
Here are the actions the plan calls for:
- Reduce speed limits on highways by at least 10 kilometers an hour, which is roughly 6 miles an hour.
- Work from home up to three days a week when possible.
- Ban the use of private cars on Sundays in major cities.
- Cut the price of taking public transit while encouraging walking and biking to destinations.
- Ban the use of private cars on certain weekdays in major cities.
- Incentivize carpooling.
- Promote efficient driving for freight trucks.
- Use high-speed and night trains instead of planes where possible.
- Avoid business air travel where alternative options exist.
- Reinforce the adoption of electric and more efficient vehicles.
The IEA also acknowledged that increasing the supply of oil and suspending gas taxes would help bring down prices at the pump.